The name reflects the prominence of animals and mythological hybrids among the twelve signs.
The zodiac was in use by the Roman era , based on concepts inherited by Hellenistic astronomy from Babylonian astronomy of the Chaldean period mid-1st millennium BC , which, in turn, derived from an earlier system of lists of stars along the ecliptic. Although the zodiac remains the basis of the ecliptic coordinate system in use in astronomy besides the equatorial one,  the term and the names of the twelve signs are today mostly associated with horoscopic astrology. The zodiac of a given planet is the band that contains the path of that particular body; e.
By extension, the "zodiac of the comets" may refer to the band encompassing most short-period comets. The division of the ecliptic into the zodiacal signs originates in Babylonian " Chaldean " astronomy during the first half of the 1st millennium BC. The zodiac draws on stars in earlier Babylonian star catalogues, such as the MUL. LUL "The Crayfish," among others. Around the end of the 5th century BC, Babylonian astronomers divided the ecliptic into 12 equal "signs", by analogy to 12 schematic months of 30 days each.
According to calculations by modern astrophysics, the zodiac was introduced between BC and probably within a very few years of BC. The divisions don't correspond exactly to where the constellations started and ended in the sky; this would have resulted in an irregular division. The Sun in fact passed through at least 13, not 12 Babylonian constellations. In order to align with the number of months in a year, designers of the system omitted the major constellation Ophiuchus.
Changes in the orientation of the Earth's axis of rotation also means that the time of year the Sun is in a given constellation has changed since Babylonian times. However, Babylonian techniques of observational measurements were in a rudimentary stage of evolution. In Babylonian astronomical diaries , a planet position was generally given with respect to a zodiacal sign alone, less often in specific degrees within a sign. Knowledge of the Babylonian zodiac is also reflected in the Hebrew Bible ; E. Bullinger interpreted the creatures appearing in the book of Ezekiel as the middle signs of the 4 quarters of the Zodiac,   with the Lion as Leo , the Bull is Taurus , the Man representing Aquarius and the Eagle representing Scorpio.
Martin and others have argued that the arrangement of the tribes around the Tabernacle reported in the Book of Numbers corresponded to the order of the Zodiac, with Judah , Reuben , Ephraim , and Dan representing the middle signs of Leo, Aquarius, Taurus, and Scorpio, respectively. Such connections were taken up by Thomas Mann , who in his novel Joseph and His Brothers attributes characteristics of a sign of the zodiac to each tribe in his rendition of the Blessing of Jacob.
Hellenistic astrology derived in part from Babylonian and Egyptian astrology. The Dendera zodiac , a relief dating to ca. The earliest extant Greek text using the Babylonian division of the zodiac into 12 signs of 30 equal degrees each is the Anaphoricus of Hypsicles of Alexandria fl. Hipparchus's lost work on precession never circulated very widely until it was brought to prominence by Ptolemy,  and there are few explanations of precession outside the work of Ptolemy until late Antiquity, by which time Ptolemy's influence was widely established.
The Hindu zodiac uses the sidereal coordinate system , which makes reference to the fixed stars. The Hindu zodiac, being sidereal, does not maintain this seasonal alignment, but there are still similarities between the two systems. The Hindu zodiac signs and corresponding Greek signs sound very different, being in Sanskrit and Greek respectively, but their symbols are nearly identical.
This included magical uses of the zodiac, as found, e. Mughal king Jahangir issued an attractive series of coins in gold and silver depicting the twelve signs of the Zodiac. An example of the use of signs as astronomical coordinates may be found in the Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris for the year The "Longitude of the Sun" columns show the sign represented as a digit from 0 to and including 11 , degrees from 0 to 29, minutes, and seconds.
The zodiac symbols are Early Modern simplifications of conventional pictorial representations of the signs, attested since Hellenistic times. But note that the Sanskrit and the name equivalents after c. Also, the "English translation" isn't usually used by English speakers.
Latin names are standard English usage.
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The zodiacal signs are distinct from the constellations associated with them, not only because of their drifting apart due to the precession of equinoxes but also because the physical constellations take up varying widths of the ecliptic, so the Sun is not in each constellation for the same amount of time. The zodiacal signs are an abstraction from the physical constellations, and each represent exactly one 12th of the full circle, or the longitude traversed by the Sun in about The path of the Sun passes through 13 constellations recognized by ancient Babylonian, Greek, and Roman astronomers including in Ptolemy 's Almagest   and the modern International Astronomical Union.
Because the Babylonians had a month lunar calendar, they chose and divided up the year evenly. The 13th was left out: Ophiuchus , the bottom part of which interjects between Scorpio and Sagittarius. Occasionally this difference between the astronomical constellations and the astrological signs is mistakenly reported in the popular press as a "change" to the list of traditional signs by some astronomical body like the IAU, NASA , or the Royal Astronomical Society.
For example, in drawing a distinction between astrology and scientific astronomy, NASA notes that "No one has shown that astrology can be used to predict the future or describe what people are like based on their birth dates. Some "parazodiacal" constellations are also touched by the paths of the planets, leading to counts of up to 25 "constellations of the zodiac".
Some other constellations are also mythologically associated with the zodiacal ones: Piscis Austrinus , The Southern Fish, is attached to Aquarius. In classical maps, it swallows the stream poured out of Aquarius' pitcher, but perhaps it formerly just swam in it. Aquila , The Eagle, was possibly associated with the zodiac by virtue of its main star, Altair.
The following table compares the Gregorian dates on which the Sun enters:. The theoretical beginning of Aries is the moment of vernal equinox , and all other dates shift accordingly. The precise Gregorian times and dates vary slightly from year to year as the Gregorian calendar shifts relative to the tropical year. Except for and , the vernal equinox has started on 20 March since , and is projected to until Because the Earth's axis is at an angle, some signs take longer to rise than others, and the farther away from the equator the observer is situated, the greater the difference.
Thus, signs are spoken of as "long" or "short" ascension. The zodiac system was developed in Babylonia , some 2, years ago, during the " Age of Aries ".
Contemporary use of the coordinate system is presented with the choice of interpreting the system either as sidereal , with the signs fixed to the stellar background , or as tropical , with the signs fixed to the point vector of the Sun at the March equinox. Western astrology takes the tropical approach, whereas Hindu astrology takes the sidereal one. This results in the originally unified zodiacal coordinate system drifting apart gradually, with a clockwise westward precession of 1.
For the tropical zodiac used in Western astronomy and astrology, this means that the tropical sign of Aries currently lies somewhere within the constellation Pisces " Age of Pisces ". The sidereal coordinate system takes into account the ayanamsa , ayan meaning transit or movement , and amsa meaning small part , i. It is unclear when Indians became aware of the precession of the equinoxes, but Bhaskara 2 's 12th-century treatise Siddhanta Shiromani gives equations for measurement of precession of equinoxes, and says his equations are based on some lost equations of Suryasiddhanta plus the equation of Munjaala.
The discovery of precession is attributed to Hipparchus around BC. Ptolemy quotes from Hipparchus' now lost work entitled "On the Displacement of the Solstitial and Equinoctial Points" in the seventh book of his 2nd century astronomical text, Almagest , where he describes the phenomenon of precession and estimates its value. The principle of the vernal point acting as the first degree of the zodiac for Greek astronomers is also described in the 1st century BC astronomical text of Geminus of Rhodes.
February 26 Pisces Personality
Geminus explains that Greek astronomers of his era associate the first degrees of the zodiac signs with the two solstices and the two equinoxes, in contrast to the older Chaldean Babylonian system, which placed these points within the zodiac signs. Ptolemy also demonstrates that the principle of the tropical zodiac was well known to his predecessors within his astrological text, the Tetrabiblos , where he explains why it would be an error to associate the regularly spaced signs of the seasonally aligned zodiac with the irregular boundaries of the visible constellations:.
These events can be useful, for example, to estimate the cross-sectional dimensions of a minor planet , or check a star for a close companion. The Sun's placement upon the vernal equinox, which occurs annually around 21 March, defines the starting point for measurement, the first degree of which is historically known as the " first point of Aries ". Zodiac signs have never been used to determine the boundaries of astronomical constellations that lie in the vicinity of the zodiac, which are, and always have been, irregular in their size and shape.
The use of the zodiac as a means to determine astronomical measurement remained the main method for defining celestial positions by Western astronomers until the Renaissance, at which time preference moved to the equatorial coordinate system , which measures astronomical positions by right ascension and declination rather than the ecliptic-based definitions of celestial longitude and celestial latitude. The word "zodiac" is also used in reference to the zodiacal cloud of dust grains that move among the planets, and the zodiacal light that originates from their scattering of sunlight.
In Unicode, the symbols of zodiac signs are encoded in block "Miscellaneous Symbols": .
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 10 November For the East Asian zodiac based on the Jovian orbital cycle, see Chinese zodiac. For other uses, see zodiac disambiguation. Further information: Former constellations. Further information: Babylonian star catalogues and MUL.
Main article: Astrological sign. Further information: Axial precession , Epoch astronomy , Sidereal and tropical astrology , Astrological age , and Ayanamsa. Saturn is the astrological planet that rules this particular day creating your ambition and high levels of concentration and intuition. This makes you practical as well as creative and good at envisioning things and planning ahead. If you have this birthday your compassionate humanitarian nature allows you to get along with almost everyone.
You will usually be much more realistic than most others in your zodiacal group and sometimes a bit of a workaholic. Your efficiency and diligence is plentiful but you are easily disappointed when some of your ideas are too impractical to actualize. Individuals with a February the twenty sixth birthday are emotionally very perceptive and need to feel understood and appreciated. Your sense of humor is a wonderful asset that keeps you thinking positively.
Work path decisions are easy to a person born on the twenty sixth of February as you prefer to try and determine your own fate in this area. You are alert and industrious and like to stay busy so any job choice must not be monotonous or unprogressive. Self employment is something that you are likely to find an attractive option especially in later life.
It is rare for you to encounter financial difficulties as you are generally careful with money. Even though you have a sympathetic understanding temperament when it comes to your finances you are unlikely to agree to family or friend loans. For a Pisces, the person born on the twenty sixth of February are untypically less daydreamy about the notion of love and romance than most Fish. Your naturally pragmatic attitude spills into emotional attachments and makes you see beyond the falling in love stage and not so idealistic in partner expectations.
Despite this you crave affection and desire an emotive unity with someone special. You can also be extremely romantic and sentimental.
February 26 Birthday Horoscope 2018-12222
In a long term relationship your humorous side makes you great fun to be with while your sensitivity means you are deeply hurt by betrayal. In a soul mate partnership you will be attentive, generous, devoted and protective. When you make a loving commitment it will not be in haste and you will give yourself wholeheartedly doing all you can to ensure that it works. Health concerns experienced by those born on February 26th are sometimes down to a proneness to allergies or as a result of laziness. As you are soon affected by your environment reactions to certain foods or materials may cause you a few problems.
Aside from this you will often have a sensible approach to healthiness and a touch of vanity encourages you to want to retain your youthfulness. This gives you the motivation to keep fit and eat healthily for the majority of the time. However, you may have a tendency to let your common sense standards slip somewhat as you get older. Your main strengths of character lie in your sympathizing mannerisms and in your stimulating critical but kind communication.
These qualities and your instinctive self control help you be calm, impartial and able to interact openly and effectively without being blunt. Your forward thinking and optimistic way of dealing with setbacks will also come in useful as you progress through life. Potential personality weaknesses common for those born on February 26th are that you can be slightly egotistical and occasionally too harsh with your words. You can also be accused of overreacting every now and then.
Being born on the 26th of February can mean that your aspirations for the future will be visionary but often stay that way. A large amount of the many goals you set for yourself will probably be beyond your reach but it does not prevent you from dreaming about possibilities.
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Keeping possible paths in mind motivates you to not get stuck in an unproductive rut. For the more realistically attainable targets you are often willing to sacrifice things in order to achieve them. Your dreams are normally simpler and inclined to focus on working for yourself and a secure trustful intimate relationship. As you were born on the twenty sixth day of the month the 2 and the 6 in your birth date generate a Root number of Eight.
February 26 Zodiac Birthday Horoscope Personality
This numerical reference to your birthday has the keyword 'Leader' highlighting your quick acclimatization to surroundings and your method of planning before acting. In the Major Arcana the 8th card Strength is closely connected to your birthday. It emphasizes your abundance of charm and determination.
The luckiest gemstone for February the twenty sixth birthdays is considered to be a Black Pearl. It should be worn for improving the memory and discouraging negative influences. Personalities of Pisceans are thought to be chiefly astrologically influenced by the planet Neptune. The actual day you were born on, the twenty sixth of February is ruled over by the cosmic forces of the planet Saturn. The integration of these two planets at this juncture determine your probable responsive actions and thought processes that differ from others sharing your zodiac sign.
The ambitious streak and positiveness you possess allow you to obtain a lot from life and accomplish much. Your power to visualize and your conscientious attention to detail see you make the most of opportunities that come along. Your tendencies to be temperamental on occasion and have an all work and no play outlook usually diminish with advancing age. A final few thoughts for people born on February the 26th are to take yourself a little less seriously and try to listen more. Birthday Horoscope February 27th, personal asctrological characteristic for those who were born on February 27th.
Birthday Horoscope February 28th, personal asctrological characteristic for those who were born on February 28th. Birthday Horoscope February 29th, personal asctrological characteristic for those who were born on February 29th.
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Birthday Horoscope February 1st, personal asctrological characteristic for those who were born on February 1st. Birthday Horoscope February 2nd, personal asctrological characteristic for those who were born on February 2nd. Birthday Horoscope February 3rd, personal asctrological characteristic for those who were born on February 3rd.
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